The English Housing Survey: Key findings
Published by Jon Land for 24dash.com in Housing
The English Housing Survey: Key findings
The Department for Communities and Local Government today published its latest English Housing Survey, covering the period 2012-13. Here are some of the key findings:
In 2012-13, the private rented sector overtook the social rented sector to become the second largest tenure in England.
There were an estimated 22.0 million households in England. Overall, 65% or 14.3 million were owner occupiers, 18% (4.0 million) were private renters and 17% (3.7 million) were social renters.
Overall rates of overcrowding and under-occupation have not changed in recent years.
Some 3% of households in England were overcrowded in 2012-13. As in previous years, overcrowding was more prevalent in the rented sectors than in owner occupation: 1% of owner occupied households and 6% each of social and private rented households were overcrowded.
Under-occupation remained much more common in the owner occupied sector: around half (49%) of owner occupiers were under-occupying their homes in 2012-13, compared with 15% of private renters and 10% of social renters.
However, there was a decrease in the proportion of overcrowded households in the social rented sector.
Between 2010-11 and 2012-13, the rate of overcrowding in the social sector declined from 7% to 6%; with 241,000 overcrowded households in the sector in 2012-13, compared with 278,000 in 2010-11.
The proportion of renters in receipt of housing benefit increased.
In 2012-13, two thirds (66%) of social renters and a quarter (25%) of private renters received housing benefit to help with the payment of their rent, up from 59% and 19% respectively in 2008-09.
There has been a steady increase in the proportion of working households in the social sector in receipt of housing benefit.
In 2012-13, a third (32%) of working households in the social rented sector were in receipt of housing benefit, up from 24% in 2010-11 and 20% in 2009-10.
In the private rented sector 12% of working households were in receipt of housing benefit in 2012-13, unchanged from recent years but up from 9% in 2009-10.
There was an increase in the proportion of social renters who expected to buy their current home.
In 2012-13, 61% of private renters and 23% of social renters stated that they expected to buy a property at some point in the future.
Among social renters who expected to buy, the proportion who expected to buy their current home increased from 37% in 2011-12 to 44% in 2012-13. This may, in part, be explained by the reinvigoration of the Right to Buy scheme.
The energy efficiency of the English housing stock continued to improve.
In 2012, the average SAP rating of English dwellings was 59 points, up from 45 points in 1996.
Over the same period, the proportion of dwellings in the highest energy efficiency rating bands (A to C) also increased from 2% to 18%.
The number of non-decent homes in England continued to decline.
In 2012, 4.9 million dwellings (22%) failed to meet the decent homes standard, a reduction of some 2.8 million homes since 2006, when 35% of homes failed to meet the decent home standard.
As in previous years, the private rented sector had the highest proportion of non-decent homes (33%) while the social rented sector had the lowest (15%). Meanwhile, 20% of owner occupied homes failed to meet the decent homes standard in 2012.
Commenting on the report, Dan Wilson Craw, spokesman for the PricedOut campaign, said: "Private renting was not designed to accommodate so many people - particularly the 1.3m households with children, whose insecure tenancies mean they have nowhere to call home.
"As long as home ownership remains unaffordable for people on ordinary incomes, investors are encouraged to speculate on houses and there is a failure to build more social housing, more people will become stuck in private renting."
Ian Fletcher, Director of Policy at the British Property Federation, said: "The news that the private rented sector has become the second largest tenure in England underlines the importance of this sector in the housing recovery.
"As economic conditions have taken their toll over the last few years we can see that the needs of a generation have changed, and that the housing market needs to respond to this. Institutional investment in the PRS, and support from the government to make sure this happens, can play its part in ensuring that we are able to provide the homes that are so badly needed in England."
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